Shaping Stack House was an ambitious endeavour to fit four levels of living space into the typical two storey envelope control typology in Singapore. Designed to be a house for generations, the occupants were a young couple with a daughter. The owner’s desire to create an iconic modern home suited to the tropical climate presented challenges as well as opportunities for us.


The idea of the stacking volumes came about intuitively due to the desire to create more livable space. With the introduction of the envelope control regulation for houses in Singapore, there was an opportunity to explore increasing the internal spaces within the volumetric control of the house. This had to be thoughtfully done without compromising on the acceptable ceiling heights of rooms.

Stack house comprises of horizontal spaces stacked upon each other and cantilevered slightly to create playful depth and expression. These stacked volumes are ‘balanced’ on a glass box that elevated the spaces at the second and attic levels. The second level space is distinctive in white paint finish while the cantilevered attic level catches the eye with its contrasting black paint finish.

In planning the program within the house, the first and mezzanine levels are mainly for the public areas. The second level housed the private programs of master and children’s bedrooms. The attic level is the multi-functional family area.

As a home for the tropical climate in Singapore, the internal spaces are designed to encourage sunlight, natural breezes and seamless connection to the outdoors.

Upon entry via the main door, the living and dining space feels effortlessly spacious and grand with a double volume high ceiling that allows a view to the mezzanine. The tall and expansive glazing panels at the living and dining area brings in ample natural light into the interiors.

The living and dining area, together with the dry kitchen becomes a delightful and light-filled space for social and entertainment activities. Connecting this public area to the mezzanine is an open riser stair that accentuates the verticality of the space. A pool table and bar at the mezzanine extends the entertainment areas at the first level.

In designing these public spaces, it was our desire to maintain a constant visual connection to the greenery outside. At the living and dining areas, there is a connection to the lush planting at the external elongated garden. At the mezzanine, a terrace creates another outdoor space at the back of the house. There are sliding glass doors that allow the space to spill out to the terrace, enhancing cross ventilation throughout.

Beyond the dry kitchen, a hidden feature door panel leads to the wet kitchen, powder room and a granny bedroom. As the stacked mezzanine volume above lowers the headroom at these areas, a higher void was created for the bedroom to allow natural light and ventilation to the granny room.

At the second level, a light-filled courtyard that looks out to the street view is immediately visible upon stepping up from the stairs. A large bonsai takes center stage and further enhances the greenery and character of the house.

Large openings continue to reveal the master bedroom and bathroom to the outdoors at the second level. Ample light enters these intimate spaces and give the rooms a sense of warmth and comfort. As the master bedroom is orientated towards a slightly north western direction, a series of sliding aluminum panels allow flexibility of screening for western sun and privacy.

At the highest level of the house, a multi-purpose space becomes an extension to the entertainment areas at the first and mezzanine level. In designing this space, we wanted to achieve maximum natural light and ventilation to this large area. Hence, the front, side and rear terraces are conceived to give this space a distinct quality of openness.  

Externally, the balance of volumes with complimentary finishes are accented by external-cladded timber at the various touch points on the first level. The use of varying finishes reduces the scale of the house while giving it a distinctive and impactful expression.



Layer house was a concept that was borne from our client’s needs as a three-generation family living under one roof. The family consisted of grandmother, a couple and three young children. We wanted to create a home that would simultaneously allow everyone to gather comfortably for meals and family times, and retreat to privacy during work or rest times.


Greeting the car porch is a single cantilevered canopy lined with a warm timber ceiling. A feature wall flanks the front elevation and protects the privacy of the residents within. A spaciously designed living and dining space takes center stage at the first level. Upon entry from the front door, one is instantly greeted by the continuous space that stretches to the dry kitchen near the end of the space. The high ceiling with coved LED lighting accentuates the overall space.

Expanding the space outdoors, a series of large panel sliding glass doors allows the entire living and dining area to be fully opened. In tropical Singapore, good ventilation would be a favorable design feature for large communal spaces.

A single flight of stairs over a water feature takes one to the next level. The water feature was designed with the occupant in mind; serving simultaneously as a seating bench as well. The void above the water feature acts as a connecting tool to strategically connect all levels with the ground level.

At the second level, the granny’s room is situated at the front- in close proximity to the home lift provided. A framed window looks out to the street, with vertical fins that shield the room from western sun as the room has a north-western orientation.

Efficient planning results in a well-distributed layout with four bedrooms at the second level. The two children’s rooms share a generous common bath that is naturally ventilated and opens to greenery. The master bedroom is located at the rear with a proportionately designed bathroom with double basins and a standing bathtub.

The best views would be seen from the attic level. A lounge space with a balcony occupies the front and allows the house another uniting space for the family. A feature bathroom located at this level redefines the shower planting brought indoors and visually-lit by a skylight above. There are two bedrooms at the rear of the attic and both opens to a open terrace.

Architecturally, the layered elevations of the house hide the internal functions with intricate style. Preserving the privacy of the home whilst still allowing sufficient light and ventilation, all the bedrooms have been designed with sufficient openings whilst being shielded by vertical screening.



Crescent bungalows are two bespoke detached houses located in prestigious District 15 of Katong. The locale has the unique offering of proximyt to the CBD while being only a stone’s throw the sprawling East Coast beach. Designed with an appreciation for the tranquil lifestyle of the East Coast, each house allows for good ventilation, natural illumination and lush landscaping.

Façade of the house are designed with an eye for detail. Expressed with a modern aesthetic, the houses resonate with a clear statement of distinction.


We conceptualized the houses as tropical homes well-suited for the Singapore climate. The layout of the spacious first floor sets the tone for the style of living envisaged. Upon entry, the continuous living and dining space beckons with a full length view of the swimming pool in the outdoors. An island kitchen further deepens the space and makes it a multi-purpose offering of living, relaxing and entertaining. Large sliding glass doors blurs the line separating the living indoor and outdoor spaces.

While the public areas have been designed to be open and spacious, the private bedroom spaces at the second floor and attic have privacy and connectivity. The master bedroom have a walk-in wardrobe and luxurious bathroom with double bowl basin vanity and a long bath. The flexibility of the rooms mean they can be configured for other uses including a indoor gym or library for study. The highest floor has bedroom and family room that open to an outdoor terrace giving an opportunity for outdoor enjoyment and relaxation.



The townhouse was a corner terrace house in the heritage district of Joo Chiat. Our Clients were a young couple starting a new family and wanted a home that was modern and well-suited to tropical living in Singapore. The design for the house would resonate with their lifestyle and preferences.


The living room at the first level was “opened up” with large sliding glass panels. As the Owners loved the idea of natural lighting to the interiors, the main door was also designed as a pivot door with a fixed glass panel.

The island kitchen defined the open concept dining space. Its orientation promoted interaction and helped to define the kitchen as part of the dining area. The living and dining spaces formed a continuous social and entertainment space. The boundary of these spaces was made permeable by large sliding glass doors that connected them to the outdoors.

A powder room was incorporated under the stairs and concealed with timber wall panels. The palette would be a bright and refreshing – reflecting the couple’s sense of style.

At the second level the master bedroom was located at the front of the house. We articulated the space externally as well with an “accentuated box” that created a modern identity for the façade.

The final result was a renewed expression of the house that was delivered in prompt timing and within budgetary considerations.



The Sentosa house was a major addition and alteration works to an existing home for the Owner who lives in Singapore and Indonesia. Located in the prestigious enclave of Cove Drive, the house enjoyed the coveted frontage of the waterside. We collaborated with renown designer Artalenta Indonesia for the interior design of the house.


The house was designed with the spacious living and dining areas facing the swimming pool, which looked at the water side beyond. Typical of all houses around Cove Drive in Sentosa cove, most of these houses had the luxury of a personal slice of the water at their doorstep. The concept was to create a house that reflected the marine theme of its unique location and context.

A distinctive pitched roof for the second level with the white washed walls completed the new look for the house. The façade was visually enhanced with night lighting that illuminated the features of the façade, pool and surrounding landscaping. The final ambience of the house was styled with a touch of elegance, luxury and pure comfort.



The project is for a boutique developer of landed homes in Singapore. The brief was for the development of four semi-detached houses that would be a rare offering of landed homes in the established residential estate of Bukit TImah. We envisioned the house to be stylishly modern, catering for the families and house hunters looking for a well-located home that is in close proximity to good schools, modern eateries and the city center.


Located in the coveted residential enclave of Bukit Timah in Singapore, the land is easily accessible via the main road to Keng Chin Road. The houses have a regular shaped plan and easily parks three cars comfortably. The interior spaces have been planned with the user’s lifestyle and comfort in mind.

The living and dining areas has been designed for spaciousness and seamless connectivity with the landscaping outdoors and the kitchen which effectively acts as an extension of the dining and entertainment space.

The bedrooms upstairs have good sizes catering for multiple needs of any family. With the master bedroom, the adjoining walk-in wardrobe and connecting bathroom gives a sense of luxury and comfort to the owners.

At 4 stories, the house can be a multi-generational abode with good areas of interaction and enjoyment, with the open terrace at the highest floor becoming an exciting space for fun and enjoyment.



Eastwood house was a project that involved the addition and alterations to an existing bungalow. Nestled in the leafy surrounds of eastern Singapore, the bungalow occupied a slice of land that bordered Bedok Park. The opportunity was therefore to capitalize on its unique location. Our design sought to create spaces that responded to the site orientation, context and our Client’s desire for relaxed tropical living.


Based on the concept of seamless connectivity with the outdoors, we developed the public spaces of the house with this primary intent. The house had a north-south orientation. The prevailing winds would give good natural ventilation longitudinally through the house.

The dining space was located at the northern side of the house and faced the garden and trees at the rear. A generous outdoor dining space further extended the dining area. A water feature served to create a sense of serenity as it is visible from both the indoor and outdoor dining.  We proposed a tea area with entertainment lounge that continued the social areas of the house with a orientation towards the Bedok park, capitalizing on its proximity to its surrounding fauna and flora.



Binjai Park is a landed housing enclave that is well-known for its good-class bungalows. The project is for the bungalow with a central courtyard. We developed the house based on the concept of the classic courtyard house that originated from the siheyuan typology in Beijing.


The design was inspired by the classic typology of the courtyard house found in ancient architecture of China. These courtyards could be found in large residential houses of the well-heeled, providing a luxurious abode for extended families in China.

The layout of the Binjai bungalow begins with a entrance from the corner of the site. The spacious living and dining halls occupy the ground level of the house. The dining room is served by a spacious dry kitchen. A luxurious study area occupies the left wing of the house with views to the pool and the central courtyard.

At the second level, there are four bedrooms with generous wardrobe space. The master bedroom has the largest walk-in wardrobes, with an exclusive male and female walk-in wardrobe. All the bedrooms have a view to the central courtyard and the pool.  



Atrium house was a response to our Client’s brief for a house of modern simplicity and good space. The design of the house was based on the desire to celebrate spaciousness and create meaningful spatial relationships. The central atrium became the anchor for the house, connecting it with all the living spaces from the first to the highest level. The idea of a punctuation echoed to the façade with a patterned perforation that allowed greenery to climb and peek into the interiors of the house.


The first level presented the living room as a spacious space. A lighted walkway connects the living to the open island kitchen at the back of the house. Our Clients loved these spaces for its openness and the island was a favorite space for breakfast and meals.  The house owners enjoyed art and the walkway presented an opportunity for artwork to be displayed.

The dining room takes center stage at heart of the atrium space, illuminated by a generous skylight above. This space is also where two over-hanging common family areas look over. The stair well next to the atrium connects to this space as well with two glazed boxes that overlook It, adding interest to the atrium.

On the second level, the master bedroom is located at the front, and opens to a well-planted green roof of the car porch canopy. The master bathroom faces the green roof as well, through a subtle planter and perforated wall. The creeping greenery populated the perforated wall creating a refreshing screening for the long bath and shower space. At the attic level, the family area opens to another outdoor terrace. Family and open seating areas at the second and attic level characterize the spaciousness of the design, accentuated by the warm engineered wood floor and illuminated by skylights at the stair well and the atrium.



The Nassim Bungalows were three numbers of luxurious houses in the Good Class Bungalow enclave of Nassim Hill. Coveted as the ultimate residential locale within the city center, the vicinity is a stone’s throw to Singapore’s shopping belt of Orchard Road.

Engaged by the original developer of the houses, our aim was to rejuvenate the house that had come of age. The look and feel of the houses would be catered for a contemporary lifestyle of tropical Singapore.

The house had a spacious layout that was designed around a central courtyard. The pool took center stage with the living and dining areas surrounding it. Clear views of the pool and its landscaping gave these living spaces a tranquil and relaxed setting. We decided to engage the pool and greenery by changing all the walls and timber doors to large glass sliding doors. Even the kitchen was “opened’ to create a bright and inviting space that could now feature as a social and entertainment area.

The architectural elements of brick and timber were cleaned and restored. The roofing tiles were cleaned and the façade refreshed to provide a modern outlook. Lush tropical landscaping that celebrated the courtyard completed the final touches of the bungalows.  



The existing semi-detached house was a 30-year old house that had stood the test of time. Our clients approached us for a reconstruction of the existing house- with the intention to cater for their family consisting of the couple and their 2 young children.

From the start, our brief was not to maximize the buildable area.  The family appreciated the outdoors and the greenery in front of the house was to be preserved. It was a play area the children would most enjoy on an elevated land a few steps above the car porch.

In rethinking the use of the spaces, we sought to make the indoor spaces functional whilst enhancing them with a connection to the outdoors.


The ground floor public areas were “opened up” by demolishing the enclosing walls and enhancing natural light and ventilation with full height glass doors.

A generously spacious timber patio outside of the living room was proposed to allow the living room to extend outside. A textured featured wall continues the dialogue from the inside to the outside and effectively blurs the boundaries.

The result is a living room that is bright and airy.  Stepping up to the dining area, the space for dining is similarly allowed to spill outwards with an extension of a outdoor timber deck – creating a romantic space for after-hours relaxation after a family gathering.

The roof was redesigned to include a series of skylights above the straight flight of stairs to the second level.

A generous family area greets one on the second level where a lush outdoor planter  (which the Owners had a free-hand choosing the plant mix) spans the entire length. The planter is accessible by large sliding aluminum glass doors, and effectively brings in natural light and greenery to the upper level.

The planter also is visible from the common bath to the family area and stretches to peak into the master bathroom.

The master bedroom is located in the front of the house. We designed the balcony space in front of the large bedroom with a more sensitive touch akin to a “sky patio” with a series of sliding timber screens. The Owners were able to adjust their placement in accordance to their preferences for lighting and privacy.

2018-2019: Asia Pacific Property Awards, Best Architecture Single Residence Singapore
2018: Singapore Good Design Mark Award



Green Wall House was a response to a request for an abode that would be balanced with nature, enhanced with sustainable strategies and aesthetic in appeal. We worked in close collaboration with our Clients to bring sufficient light and ventilation into the living spaces, with a vertical green wall contributing to a distinct expression for the house. The green wall also made for subtle surprises in the interiors and the result is a modern tropical house well-suited for the family’s lifestyle.


Our Client’s requirements were specific in their response to certain spaces. The living and dining areas were valuable spaces for family bonding and entertaining of close relatives and friends. As such, they had to be spacious, inviting and relaxing.

In terms of comfort and usability, the bedrooms and bathrooms had to be designed with user in mind. We engaged the couple as well as their son and daughter in the expression and designation of these spaces. 

From the orientation of the furniture in the bedrooms to the selections of finishes and sanitary wares and fittings, we catered to the specific and unique tastes of the children, with an interest for individual expression.


In designing the spaces for the house, considerable thought was given to making the house feel as naturally-ventilated and well-illuminated as possible. We envisaged a house that would be appreciated by the Owners for its aesthetic, spatial and sustainable characteristics.

The bold insertion of a nine-meter vertical green wall from the second level to the open terrace at the attic level set the tone for the house as one that invited the outdoors into the house.

As a natural element, green walls act as an air filtration system, removing toxins and releasing oxygen to the environment. It also acts as a subtle noise barrier with its lush greenery. 

The green wall faced the bathrooms at the second and third levels. The lushly planted green wall was a refreshing and calming feature wall that greeted the user upon entering the space.

Good natural lighting was also introduced through full height glazing at the living and dining areas.  A skylight at the stair well brings in natural light into the central core area. Bathrooms were all naturally ventilated with the master and junior master bathrooms having the added feature of a green wall facing the shower and long bath.

We engaged with our Clients closely from the planning the spaces for the house to the articulation of the finishes. At the first level, the living and dining spaces provided was generous. A high ceiling for most of the first level gave a sense of spaciousness as large full height sliding glass doors further open out the indoors to the outdoors. Effective cross-ventilation permeated throughout the ground level spaces.

The dining area was a double volume space that engaged with the second level. All bedrooms were designed in close consultation with the users in mind. The scond and third levels were private areas of bedrooms, while the ground and attic levels allowed for more family and entertainment areas. The flow of spaces were aligned with our Client’s desires, with sufficient space for private as well as public areas. The latter include the games area for a pool table that opened out to a open terrace and a sound proof music room at the rear of the attic level.


2017-2018: Asia Pacific Property Awards, Architecture Single Residence Singapore
A’Design Awards Italy,
Silver Award Winner, Architecture, Building and Structure Design
2014: Hansgrohe Axor Interior Design Award, Singapore
1st Prize, Bathroom Design



Nestled in the verdant surrounds of a residential suburban enclave, the site of the Airwell house has a unique unblocked frontage. While it faces west, the house faces the extensive green fields of an international school. The challenge was to limit western solar penetration, while allowing views beyond.


Our clients were a couple who had bought the old single level house as their matrimonial home. The intention was to demolish and rebuild a new house. Typical of intermediate terrace houses in Singapore, the frontage is small compared to the extensive depth of the site at over twenty meters.

Drawing inspiration from the lush greenery in the neighborhood, and the couple’s love for the outdoors, we sought to explore how the light and greenery of the outdoors can be brought to the deep interiors of the house.


Most intermediate terrace houses are deep and the first instinct is usually to maximize the floor area. The result is the central part of the house remains dark, with only the front and the rear of house enjoying natural light and ventilation.

Our strategy was to enhance the spaces instead of strictly maximizing it.

A planting strip is introduced at the front of the house to create a visual green separation from the neighbor. A continuous vertical wall spanning 2 and half stories serves as a potential green feature wall. The living room faces this wall at the first level where one can observe the creeping plants climb to the second level where the master bedroom resides.

At the center of the house, between the dining room and the kitchen, is an air well that is open to the sky. This allows ample light and ventilation to enter the kitchen and makes for an inviting place which the couple can indulge in their love for cooking and entertainment.

Above the staircase is a generous skylight and we designed an open riser staircase to further enhance the naturally lighted experience.

The master bedroom faces the front of the facade and we enhanced the outdoor experience with a double volume balcony that spans the entire width of the bedroom.

In order to mitigate the west directed sun from the frontage, a series of sliding vertical screens were designed. The effect is a striking feature for the house without compromising on the user’s comfort and enjoyment of the outdoors.